Perspectives in International Development Seminar Series Fall 2020
Carol Colfer: From Sustainable Forest Management to Forest Landscape Restoration
Analysis of Two Participatory Approaches
September 9, 2020
Carol Colfer, Adjunct Professor, Cornell Southeast Asia Program
Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) has given way to Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) within the global world of forestry. Colfer compares two programs, ‘Adaptive Collaborative Management of Forests’ (ACM, SFM) and ‘Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration’ (CFLRP, or ‘Collaboratives’, seeking FLR). The former is an international program she led at the Center for International Forestry Research in the early 2000s; the latter is a US-based approach funded by the Federal Government through the US Forest Service since 2010. This talk examines the similarities and differences between these two superficially similar approaches — both of which seek to involve local communities more meaningfully in forest-related decision making.
John Recha: Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA)
Why is it needed in developing countries?
September 16, 2020
John Recha, Participatory Action Research Specialist, CGIAR Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)
In the next three decades, increasing the productivity and incomes from smallholder crop, livestock, fishery, and forestry production systems will be key to achieving global food security. Majority of the world’s poor are dependent on agriculture, and experience has shown that growth in agriculture is often the most effective and equitable strategy for reducing poverty and increasing food security. Climate change exacerbates the challenges of achieving the needed growth and improvements in agricultural systems and its effects are already being felt. Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) is an approach to dealing with these interlinked challenges in a holistic and effective manner.
Louise Buck: Using Integrated Landscape Management to Scale Agroforestry
Examples from Ecuador
September 23, 2020
Louise Buck, Senior Extension Associate, Department of Natural Resources and Program Lead, Collaborative Management, EcoAgriculture Partners
Agroforestry is considered a foundation for multi-functional, socio-ecological landscape transformation. Landscapes where agroforestry is practiced contribute to the full range of goods and services needed for social and ecological sustainability. Yet the barriers to large-scale agroforestry adoption are substantial, rooted in the misalignment between risk-takers (small-scale farmers) and beneficiaries (society at large). Integrated landscape management (ILM) offers a strategy for scaling up agroforestry by mobilizing collaborative efforts among multi-sector stakeholders to address these barriers. The seminar presents a study that explored the application of ILM strategies in agroforestry initiatives in two landscapes in Ecuador: the Chocó-Andean Bio-Corridor led by Ecuadorian society and the Agenda for Transforming Production in the Amazon project of the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock. The cases demonstrate ways that ILM has been valuable in advancing the knowledge-intensive and adaptive collaborative management processes needed to scale agroforestry.
Incorporating Stakeholder Input in the Development of Croatia’s National Agricultural and Rural Development Strategy, 2020-2030
September 30, 2020
- David Lee, Professor, Dyson School and Global Development
- Philip Van der Celen & Svetlana Edmeades, World Bank
- Nikša Tkalec, Assistant to Minister of Agriculture of Croatia at Special Committee on Agriculture, European Union
The agri-food sector is a key part of the economy of Croatia, which joined the European Union in 2013 as its 28th and most recent member. The sector is in transition, making the government’s strategic planning efforts critical to its future development. Stakeholder involvement has been a cornerstone of the strategic planning process, and is also mandated by EU CAP guidelines. This seminar outlines the role, strategy, and some of the results of incorporating stakeholder-based input in the development of Croatia’s National Agriculture and Rural Development Strategy (NARDS) and the new national CAP Strategic Plan.
Bram Govaerts: Integrated Innovation System Programs
A No Regret Investment for a +Covid World?
October 7, 2020
Bram Govaerts, Interim Deputy Director General, Director of the Integrated Development Program, Representative for the Americas and Mexico Country Representative, CIMMYT. AD White Professor at Large – Cornell University
The COVID-19 pandemic has reinforced basic economic inequalities, none more important than access to food, since this pandemic also destroys the income of the poorest populations and increases the risk of undernourishment. The largest numbers of vulnerable communities are concentrated in South Asia and Africa, especially in countries that are already confronting crises such as military conflicts, extreme poverty and climate-related issues such as drought, flooding and soil erosion. In Latin America, 83.4 million people are also facing the risk of hunger in 2020. In order to deal with these crises, CIMMYT is utilizing a foresight scenario-building exercise, in which agri-food systems are seen as interconnected with social, economic, and political systems.
Vibhu Nayer: Transforming Parastatal Systems and Enhancing Agricultural and Water Productivity
Multi-Sectoral Experiences from Tamil Nadu, India
October 28, 2020
Vibhu Nayer, IAS Officer and Project Director, Tamil Nadu Irrigated Agriculture Modernization and Water Resources Management Project. Government of Tamil Nadu, India
Climate change has brought in frequent cycles of floods and droughts exposing the vulnerability of the farm households and rural economy in India. In Southern States of India, irrigation infrastructures called tank (mini reservoirs) were created centuries ago to facilitate surface irrigation for farmers. These tanks serve the dual purpose of storing excess rain water runoff from nearby catchments and recharging the underground water. Traditionally, parastatals have engaged with water from a narrow engineering perspective, while water is a multi-dimensional resource requiring an understanding of many other disciplines for its sustainable management. Therefore, a multi-sectoral approach with the farmer at its center is imperative so that farmers can effectively come together to manage their water in an equitable and sustainable manner. Climate resilience requires a shift from endless exploitation and command and control centralization to participatory sustainable demand management through convergence, budgeting and diversification towards sustainable water and crop productivity. TNIAMP is implemented with these perspectives and objectives of enhancing productivity and climate resilience of irrigated agriculture in selected sub-basins in Tamil Nadu.
David Kay: Large-scale Renewable Energy in New York
Issues of Governance, Community Participation, and Benefit Sharing
November 4, 2020
David Kay, Senior Extension Associate, Department of Global Development, Cornell University
Ed Mabaya: Getting Improved Seed to Smallholder Farmers
Findings from The African Seed Access Index
November 11, 2020
Ed Mabaya, Senior Research Associate, Department of Global Development, Cornell
Timely availability of improved seeds at affordable prices is critical to increased productivity by smallholder farmers in Africa. Improved seeds can deliver state of the art technology to farmers including higher yields, disease and pest resistance, climate change adaptation, and improved nutrition. Over the last two decades, formal seed systems in Africa have been gradually liberalized resulting in increased participation of private seed enterprises (multinationals, regional and domestic companies). However, in most countries, the public sector often hinders or competes with private sector. This seminar shares the latest findings from The African Seed Access Index (TASAI), a tool that monitors the development and competitiveness of national seed sectors in Africa. The central objective of TASAI is to encourage African governments and development agencies to create and maintain enabling environments that will accelerate the development of local private sector-led seed systems serving smallholder farmers.
Maxwell Gomera: COVID-19, development and environment
New social contracts for the economic recovery process
December 2, 2020, 12:40 to 1:30 p.m.
Maxwell Gomera, Resident Representative, United Nations Development Program in Rwanda
COVID-19 has challenged existing frameworks on economic development and the role of public policy in transforming societies. Few development experts imagined the depth and breadth of the crisis that the world is facing today. There is hardly any aspect of our social and economic system that has not been shackled or halted by the pandemic. For most development practitioners, the temptation has been to resolve the immediate health crisis, and the short-term problems of jobs creation and income generation. The objective of securing the long-term basis of wealth – environmental assets – is out the window. However, we can take inspiration from the stories of those in Africa, whose lives have been changed by COVID-19. To build better and stronger economies and societies, a new conversation is needed. This talk takes a wide-angle look at the COVID-19 economic recovery process by exploring the tension between economic development and environmental stewardship.
Andrew Mude: Building Resilient and Sustainable Food Systems
Perspectives from the Africa Development Bank
December 9, 2020, 12:40 to 1:30 p.m.
Andrew Mude, Division Manager, African Development Bank
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SeminarCOVID-19, development and environment: New social contracts for the economic recovery process