Our mission

Cornell Field Crops delivers applied research and extension-based information on integrated crop-, soil- and pest-mangement for grain, forage and soybean growers and educators in New York and beyond. Our goal is to increase the productivity and profitability of New York’s agricultural producers and related industries while protecting the environment for the benefit of all New York citizens. 

Within this site, you will find production information for New York's main field crops based upon the latest research being conducted by our faculty and researchers as well as resources and tools to enhance production efforts.

Corn Stalks

Corn is a major field crop in New York state with more than 1 million acres planted annually. Typically, grain corn (including dry-shelled and high-moisture) represents 55% of the acreage, whereas corn silage represents the remaining 45%.

Field of alfalfa

The centerpiece of New York state agriculture is dairy farming, and the base for this industry is forage crops. Northeast livestock farmers must be able to manage a profitable business that is also sustainable in terms of environmental stewardship, and forage-livestock systems can have a positive impact on sustainable agriculture.

Green wheat in a field

Small grains, which include winter and spring wheat, winter and spring barley, oats, and rye, play an important role in crop rotations on many New York farms. Under good soil conditions and management practices, small grains can produce profitable yields of grain for the cash market or farm feeding.

dried down soybean pod and bean

Acreage of soybeans in New York continues to increase, not just in the traditional district at the head of the Finger Lakes, but throughout the state. Although soybeans are not difficult to grow, buyers are discriminating about seed quality, so producers must learn to harvest and handle the crop with skill and care.

cereal leaf beetle in petri dish

The NYS IMP Program helps you deal with pests—with the weeds, insects, and plant diseases that infest your crops, and the mites, ticks, flies, and lice that plague your livestock. Their research, workshops, demonstrations, and publications help you find answers to problems new and old.

cover crop roots in soil

Interest in soil health practices such as reducing tillage, planting cover crops, and using organic amendments has expanded greatly in recent years, yet barriers to adoption persist. The NY Soil Health project facilitates collaboration among the many on-going efforts across the state to implement research, outreach, and policy solutions to address these barriers to adoption.

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Field crops in the news

Oliva Godber


Olivia Godber: Measuring Carbon Footprints for Dairy Farms
Olivia Godber is a postdoctoral research associate, leading the Dairy Sustainability Key Indicators Project in Cornell CALS Nutrient Management Spear Program (NMSP). Tasked with the mission to examine dairy farms’ environmental footprints...
  • Animal Science
  • Agriculture
  • Field Crops
corn field

Field Note

Joe Lawrence is the Dairy Forage System Specialist for Cornell CALS Department of Animal Science PRO-DAIRY. Here he provides insight into the research and extension work accomplished by PRO-DAIRY to evaluate the quality of feeds available on the market for dairy farmers.
  • Cornell Cooperative Extension
  • Animal Science
Quirine Ketterings, Olivia Godber, Agustin Olivo and the owners of Whey Street Dairy inspecting cover crops.


A $500,000 grant from Chobani to Quirine Ketterings, professor of nutrient management in the Department of Animal Science in Cornell CALS and director of the Cornell Nutrient Management Spear Program (NMSP), will allow continued development of...
  • Cornell Cooperative Extension
  • Animal Science
  • Agriculture