IPM for Fruits
Tree fruit, grape, and berry crops benefit from implementing IPM—environmentally and economically sensible ways to protect crops from insects, plant diseases, weeds, and vertebrate pests.
Spotted lanternfly has proven to be a serious pest of grapes (both cultivated and wild). They are swarm feeders and up to 400 Spotted lanternfly adults per vine have been reported. Feeding by a population this high has been shown to weaken the vine, leading to loss of winter hardiness, reduced or no return bloom or crop, and even vine death.
Spotted Wing Drosophila
Unlike other fruit and vinegar flies, which lay their eggs on past ripe or rotting fruit, spotted wing drosophila lay their eggs inside fresh fruit, often before harvest. Significant damage can be done by the larvae feeding inside the fruit. After only a few days, the fruit skin becomes dimpled or wrinkled, forming craters in the fruit, and making it susceptible to decays and rots.